A magnificent archaeological site comprising two massive rock temples in the most southern part of Egypt on the western bank of Lake Nasser about 290 km southwest of Aswan.
It is part of the UNESCO World Heritage known as the “Rescued Nubia Monuments”.
Their relocation is an accomplishment realized by the UNESCO The relocation of the temples was necessary to avoid being submerged by the water of Lake Nasser, the massive artificial water reservoir formed after the building of the Aswan dam on the Nile River.
The two temples were originally carved out on the mountainside. Ramses II, in the 13th century BC, built them.
The Great Temple as a lasting monument for himself and dedicated to the sun god RA.
The most remarkable, in this temple, is the scene of the Kadesh battle against the Hittites, where his victories are beautifully recorded.
The second temple also called “ the temple of Hathor” goddess of love and beauty was built for his wife queen Nefertari. Both the King and the Queen are represented on the wall of the temple offering sacrifices to the gods.
Abu Simbel remains one of Egypt’s top tourist attractions.